There are three public holidays this month, with many offices and shops shut for the Día de la Constitución next Thursday 6 December, and Inmaculada Concepción on Saturday 8. And of course Christmas Day is also a public holiday.
The first of these is very much a political holiday, since it mark Spain’s transition from dictatorship to democracy. After Franco’s death, the newly and freely elected Government introduced a democratic constitution, which was approved by referendum on 6 December in 1978.
The second holiday is completely religious in nature, and celebrates Roman Catholic belief in the Virgin Mary’s own Immaculate Conception. The Church believes that although Mary was conceived normally, she was born “immaculately”, in the sense of free from original sin, the result of her divinely foreseen virgin motherhood of Jesus Christ. Her birth date is said to be 8 September, and so her immaculate conception is celebrated nine months previously, on 8 December.
Christmas Day presumably needs no explanation!
These are the last public holidays of 2018. The full list of next year’s public holidays is HERE.