Sanidad guidelines for dealing with hot weather

With May already halfway over and the weather warming up considerably with a calima this week, it seems a good time to repeat the following official medical advice that Sanidad offers for dealing with hot weather. This particularly affects the over 65s, children, pregnant women, and those suffering some medical conditions.

Official recommendations are:

  • avoid all physical exercise in the open air
  • avoid exposure to the sun and stay in the shade as much as possible
  • drink more water to be well hydrated and avoid heatstroke
  • avoid large meals and alcohol, coffee, tea or sugared drinks because they can cause dehydration
  • stay out of the sun between midday and 6pm, when the sun’s rays are almost vertical and radiation at its greatest (and see HERE for an explanation of the timing of the hottest hours here)
  • wear loose fitting, light coloured, natural fibre clothes if going out is unavoidable
  • wear head protection if going out is unavoidable

Symptoms of being affected by the heat include fainting or feeling light-headed, nausea, and palpitations, while children might become irritable and lose their appetite. If you feel any symptoms from the sun, drink cool water and take a cool shower, and if you do not feel better quickly, seek medical help. Please also see THIS page about staying safe in heatwaves, and if cooling off in the sea, please see THIS page too about staying safe in the seas here.

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